Transfer period: what is it? When is it? How do transfers actually work?

Once the club football season is over, everyone’s attention quickly turns to the upcoming transfer window.

The Summer Market allows managers to sign new players and sell team members they consider to be redundant based on the previous campaign.

Fans eagerly anticipate the business that their beloved team will complete, while VIPs in clubs spend their time scavenging for finances related to buying or selling.

But how does the transfer window actually work, and how are the players who move teams in football different from how it happens in other sports around the world?

the athlete Answer these questions and more…


What is the transfer period?

The transfer window allows football clubs to buy and sell players during a specific period of time each year.

The main event takes place during the summer, at the end of the club season in most European countries, and usually lasts for two and a half months. Windows usually opens in June and closes right before or early in the next campaign. Premier League Clubs voted to ensure their closure before a match was played the following season in 2018, but reversed that decision in 2020.

There is also a winter window that starts at the beginning of January and lasts for a month.

The summer period for player trades tends to be when clubs make strategic signings, while the nature of January, near the middle of many clubs’ seasons, means it has a more interactive element to it.

For example, teams usually make winter signings to replace injured players, to try to get themselves off the relegation junk or to take advantage of a good start and move forward with finishing the league and/or prizes.

When does it open and close?

This year’s Premier League summer transfer window will open on Friday 10 June and close at 11pm on Thursday, 1 September.


The summer transfer window hasn’t opened yet Manchester Already announced an agreement to sign Borussia DortmundErling Haaland (Photo: Alexander Simos/Borussia Dortmund via Getty Images)

Does this mean that no transfers have occurred until then?

Clubs can agree on transfers before June 10 but they will not become official – and the player in question will not be able to join his new team – until the window opens.

Players who find themselves out of work can sign with a club at any time of the year, while a special exemption can be granted to clubs if they need to acquire a player on an emergency basis.

A common example of this is when senior goalkeepers are injured and need a new goalkeeper. It happened in Southampton in December, when Alex McCarthy And the Forrester freezer Both are marginalized, allowing the unrelated former Chelsea a guard Willy Caballero To join before January.

At the most basic level, how do transfer fees work?

The transfer fee is basically a monetary compensation.

Since the selling club owns the contracted playing rights of the player, it is up to the buying club to negotiate the fee to purchase the playing rights.

What are the stages of conversion?

Although it is possible that talks took place between clubs and brokers long before any move was completed, the first step to getting the ball rolling is the buying team agreeing a fee with the selling club.

Once this occurs, the player is given permission to speak to the buying club to sort out personal terms and, if this is done, undergo a medical examination. When both boxes are checked, the transfer is usually confirmed by both teams.

When do clubs start negotiating deals?

Football clubs usually hold talks with other agents and intermediaries throughout the year, to identify potential targets.

These initial conversations—those that take the following summer into account—tend to begin in September and October, before everyone’s attention shifts to the looming winter window in November and December.

Once January is over, the focus returns to summer. But months of planning and talks didn’t come to fruition until the end of the European season, in May or early June.

This was evident in Manchester City’s recent activation of a penalty clause in the Norwegian striker Erling Haaland’s contract with German club Borussia Dortmund. It was the result of several months of discussions with the player and his representatives.

How does this compare to the system in other sports?

American National Football League (NFL) And the National Basketball Association (NBA), for example, we have a different system than we’re used to in football.

For starters, there is no transfer fee when players change clubs in the NFL and NBA, but teams can submit selections in the annual draft to players graduating from the college-level nutrition system, which has no equivalent. In football, the pyramid system. of divisions, as a payment if they want to sign a contracted player with another franchise. Swap deals, which are rare in football, are common with clubs exchanging one player for another of the same quality, or for several players of lesser quality or for a group of players(s) and renewal picks.

There is a free agent market, as in football, which allows teams to sign players out of contract once the season is over, but teams are not allowed to make such deals until March in the case of the NFL, after the mid-February Super Bowl, and the Finals. NBA in June.

How is the transportation system different in MLS?

For teams in MLS to get the most non-MLS players, the respective player must be on the team’s “discover list”. If the player is already listed by another MLS club, the interested team must pay another $50,000 in General Allocation Fund (GAM) – a transaction fund within the MLS – to obtain it.

A player transfer/loan fee is added to wages to determine its impact on the team’s salary budget mandated by the league ($4.9 million in 2022). There are several mechanisms by which teams can spend well above their budget, with the particular player base being the most well-known.

MLS has two transfer windows. The “preliminary” match takes place during the winter off season and in the first weeks of the league in the spring. The “secondary” window occurs during the season and runs from July 7 to August 4 this year.

Do players have no say in their future?

Since their signature is required in the contract, players will eventually have the final world on who they want to play for.

Clubs work closely with intermediaries when selling or buying players, and if everyone does their job correctly, the player should not be surprised at his destination.

If, for example, an agent has several clubs interested in a client, they will review each one together and discuss the best option, how much the teams are willing to pay and other factors they think are worth considering.


Kylian Mbappe has signed a new contract with PSG rather than leaving him this summer as a free agent (Photo: Zhao Jing/Xinhua via Getty Images)

What are the most prominent potential transfers in the summer?

Haaland has already completed his move to the Premier League champions, and fellow striker Kylian Mbappe has opted to stay at PSG rather than join. Real Madrida move that was widely expected, as a free agent when he was Paris Saint-Germain The contract expired this summer.

These two deals will be hard to beat over the coming months, but the free agent market is booming and probably at its strongest point yet as it allows players to claim huge login fees since there is no transfer fee involved in getting them.

Manchester United‘s Paul PogbaAnd the BarcelonaOusmane Dembele, Gareth Bale, Real Madrid player, JuventusPaulo Dybala and Luis Suarez of Atletico Madrid have their contracts expired this summer and they will be looking for new teams.

One developing situation to watch is Barcelona’s pursuit of Bayern Munich star Robert Lewandowski. The Poland international is said to want to join the Catalan club, but Bayern are reluctant to sell.

Lewandowski has now confirmed that he wants to leave Bayern this summer. His contract expires after next season, so Bayern must choose between selling now and using that money to buy a replacement, potentially losing one of the modern game’s best players for nothing this time next year.

Is this system used in world football?

global governing body FIFACompany regulations specify two annual periods (transfer periods) during which clubs can buy and sell players.

However, the exact timing for these teams is determined by the football associations in each individual country, with not all domestic seasons running on the same calendar.

For example, the winter window in this year’s Premier League closed on January 31, while the window in the Turkish Super League remained open until February 8.

This means that Turkish clubs are likely to buy players from them EnglandBest trip during that week when Premier League teams were unable to bring in a replacement because the window had already closed.

(Photo by Robert Lewandowski: Ronny Hartmann/AFP via Getty Images)

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